Saturday, September 7, 2013

Did Republican Judge Alison Austin Violate Ethical Rules? And Does The Huntsville Times Care?

If you read this week, or followed the local news in the Huntsville television market, you would have been treated to a story about Clarice Ragland, the wife of Tommy Ragland, the well-known Democratic probate judge of Madison County. You would have read that she was such a deadbeat that she had to be arrested for failing to pay a small debt. The order for her arrest was issued by District Judge Alison Austin, a Republican first appointed to the court by Bob “Choctaw” Riley. If you get all your news from, you would have been told that:
Ragland was ordered to appear for a July 23 show-cause hearing because she had not paid the $200. That order said Ragland would be arrested if she did not appear in court.
The problem is, the story you would have read bears little resemblance to the story that actually happened. (1) Ragland wasn’t ordered to appear for the July 23 hearing - “Chiropractic Care,” which was not identified as a corporation, partnership, or other entity, was. (2) The arrest order was not “because she had not paid the $200,” it was because Chiropractic Care had not answered discovery - the requirement that a party answer written questions, or produce requested documents. And (3), the order for the July 23 hearing did not warn Ragland she would be arrested, it told “Chiropractic Care” it would be arrested. (Come on, this is America, we know corporations can’t be arrested.) Three errors in two sentences is about par for Advance Publications (the owner of and The Birmingham News, The Huntsville Times, and The Mobile Press-Register). For those who would prefer to read for themselves the order of May 22, 2013, ordering Chiropractic Care to appear in court, here it is.

Now, Crestwood Medical Center did have a default judgment against Ms. Ragland for $200.00 and court costs. The story got that right. The story also got right that the suit appears to be over $200.00 in deductibles or copays for surgery, for which Ms. Ragland’s insurance had already paid over $40,000.00. Also, I understand that Ms. Ragland works at Chiropractic Care, and may be a part owner. (Corrections or clarifications based on personal knowledge on that point are welcome in the comments.) But an order to “Chiropractic Care” to do something is not the same thing as ordering Clarice Ragland to do something. Just like ordering Microsoft to do something isn’t the same thing as a court order to Bill Gates personally, unless he is also named in the order. Ask any lawyer you know about that.

With that in mind, let’s look at some more of the history of this case.

On January 22, 2013, Judge Austin ordered Chiropractic Care - a business - and not Ms. Ragland individually, to respond to discovery about what property it owned. Here is that order.

On May 22, 2013, Judge Austin issued her order, shown above, ordering Chiropractic Care – again, not Ms. Ragland – to appear in court on July 23. Under that order, Chiropractic Care could have sent Ms. Ragland, or it could have sent another employee, or even just a lawyer, and been in compliance with the order. The order didn’t require Ms. Ragland to appear personally, even if she was or is the sole owner of Chiropractic Care.

On June 13, 2013, Judge Austin entered an order denying a motion to compel filed by Crestwood, because its lawyer failed to comply with the Rules of Civil Procedure. It’s not clear what motion this order relates to, but this is a small claims case. Under Alabama Rule of Civil Procedure 26(dc) (on page 5 of the linked document), Crestwood should have gotten the court’s prior approval before serving its discovery in the first place. (Actually, many lawyers believe that you can’t get discovery in a small claims case even with court permission, because of Alabama Small Claims Rule G.) The case docket reflects that Crestwood did not get this permission; therefore all subsequent efforts to enforce that discovery are invalid, even against Chiropractic Care.

On July 31, 2013, Judge Austin entered an order for the arrest of Ms. Ragland, despite the fact there had never been an order to appear – or to compel discovery – addressed to her as an individual. That order is here.

On June 10, 2013, Judge Austin, a Republican, announced that she will be running for a circuit court judgeship being vacated by the retirement of Circuit Judge Billy Bell. If Judge Austin has an opponent in the GOP primary, she can only benefit politically from having embarrassed a prominent Democratic elected official.

One can reasonably ask why Ms. Ragland, at some point much earlier in these proceedings, hadn’t paid a $200.00 bill from the hospital and been done with it. Or even paid it before it got as far as court. Just as one can easily ask why Crestwood, which had already collected $41,000.00 from her insurance, didn’t write off the remaining balance, as it does every week for ER patients who can’t pay. No one, even someone with a default judgment, should be asked to pay a bill the hospital can’t explain, if it was in fact asked to do so.

The really troubling thing here is that the issuance of the writ of arrest violated any number of clear legal rules known to any second-year law student. This much was, or should have been, apparent not only to Crestwood’s lawyer, Raymond Waldrop, but to Judge Austin. You cannot cite for contempt, or order the arrest of, an individual who has not been personally made the subject of a court order. “In order to establish that a party is in criminal contempt of a court order, a contempt petitioner must prove beyond a reasonable doubt that the party against whom they are seeking a finding of contempt was subject to a lawful order of reasonable specificity.” L.A. v. R.H., 929 So.2d 1018, 1019 (Ala.Civ.App. 2005)(italics mine). Under Alabama Const., Art. I § 20, imprisonment for nonpayment of debt is supposed to be prohibited. If the letter of that law wasn’t violated here, the spirit certainly was.

On July 31, 2013, the same day Judge Austin entered her patently invalid arrest order, the Alabama Court of the Judiciary imposed a 90-day suspension without pay on Jefferson County Circuit Judge Dorothea Batiste for similarly abusing contempt powers against parties in civil actions, which it ruled was a violation of judicial ethics. Ms. Ragland would be well within her rights to file an ethics complaint against Judge Austin on the same grounds. (Ms. Ragland, if you are reading this, their complaint form is here.) If Judge Austin is routinely and improperly ordering the arrest of civil defendants, she should be punished as severely as Judge Batiste. If she is not, and the Ragland case is unique, the Judicial Inquiry Commission would be justified in inferring a political motive, and she should be punished even more severely than Judge Batiste. If the judicial ethics authorities don’t act, they will just prove the point of critics who said Judge Batiste was singled out because of her race. (Interestingly, Judge Batiste is a Republican.)

As for Mr. Waldrop, in addition to possible ethics violations, he has subjected himself, his client, and Sheriff Blake Dorning to civil liability for wrongful imprisonment and abuse of process. Judge Austin is saved from that lawsuit only on the basis of judicial immunity.

The voters of Madison County need to think long and hard before they promote Judge Austin to the circuit court, if this case is any indication of her legal skills. In his classic existential novel Der ProzeƟ (The Trial), Czech author Franz Kafka has K., his protagonist, shock the Examining Magistrate by saying in open court:
There can be no doubt that behind all the actions of this court of justice, that is to say in my case, behind my arrest and today’s interrogation, there is a great organization at work. An organization which not only employs corrupt warders, oafish Inspectors, and Examining Magistrates of whom the best can be said that is that they recognize their own limitations, but also has at its disposal a judicial hierarchy of high, indeed of the highest rank, with an indispensable and numerous retinue of servants, clerks, police, and other assistants, perhaps even hangmen, I do not shrink from that word. And the significance of that great organization, gentlemen? It consists in this, that innocent persons are accused of guilt, and senseless proceedings are put in motion against them.

This week, there have been far darker happenings in the Madison County Courthouse than in all of Kafka’s attics.


  1. Chiropractic Care is not a registered entity in the State of AL & thus is not entitled to protections that corporations, etc have. Clarice Ragland is the owner of Chiropractic Care. Since the business is not registered it is treated as a d/b/a. Therefore it would be Clarice Ragland d/b/a Chiropractic Care and Clarice Ragland individually would be legally liable for everything Chiropractic Care does or does not do.

    1. It is correct that “Chiropractic Care” is not a corporation, limited liability company, or limited partnership, all of which are required to file forming documents to become legal entities. However, general partnerships do not have to register with the state, or file any documents, to come into existence. “Chiropractic Care” could be a general partnership. If, and only if, Ms. Ragland is the sole owner of the enterprise, it would be proper to name “Clarice Ragland d/b/a Chiropractic Care” as a party in discovery, a pleading, or an order. That was not done in this case. Judge Austin either (1) was ignorant of this second-year law school law; or (2) knew the law and knowingly violated it. There is no other explanation.

  2. Was the first document served to Ragland as directed by the judge?

    1. The Order was served on Ms. Ragland. The fact that it was served on her does not cure its facial inapplicability to her as an individual.

    2. The first document stated if she failed to appear she would be arrested. I do not see the point of this argument it clearly stated she was to be present.


  3. I have been involved in a case (2013) where I was wrongfully, criminally sanctioned for "contempt of court" by Judge Austin, as well. Although it was clear that she could not prove "beyond a reasonable doubt" that I "knowingly and willfully violated the court order" - she did not hesitate to sentence me to jail time.

    The bailiff even came out with a "thumbs up" sign to the opposing party immediately after she announced her verdict. NOT kidding...

    I had to file a an appeal with the Alabama Court of Civil Appeals, which was very costly - just to prove this fact. They affirmed my (attorney's) accusation.

    What did I get after this affirmation? A simple 5 line paragraph simply stating that "based on the findings of the applet court ______ is not in contempt of court".

    No reversal of the imposed sentence, no reversal of the imposed reimbursement of attorney fees to the other party (both of which were specifically set in place due to my "contempt of court" as stated in the order)... I could go on...

    The details may make an interesting addition to your story above, as this is most certainly not an isolated incident. Please contact me for more information - I can respond with case numbers and answer any questions.

    1. Wow, please file an ethics complaint with the state and with the bar association. You might also contact Ragland and her attorney so that they might be ale to use the info and perhaps get some media attention due to their public notoriety and current legal situation.

    2. md101307, I suggest you reach out to Ms. Ragland and cooperate in filing complaints. Multiple complaints are much harder to ignore. It was complaints from several parties that led to the action against Judge Batiste. The judicial ethics authorities (and I speak of them as the panels they are; there are some good individuals on the panels) sometimes overlook a lone complaint as the whining of an unsuccessful litigant.

    3. Thank you for the suggestions! I am wondering if you, or anyone reading this post knows of anyone who has been subject of Judge Austin's ethical violations?

      There is power in numbers and if anyone is in our shoes I have my fingers crossed they will email me. Please look past any barriers (financial, etc) fear should not be an issue - either. The more of us that can stand up for ourselves, the better!

      What would your suggestion be regarding reaching out to people that are in the same boat as we are? I know that these issues are not isolated.. and I would like very much to be in touch with additional allies.


  4. Good Job with the post!! Thank you for sharing it!

    1. December 11,2013

      September 4, 2013, this day I will never forget. My wife and I were
      across the street facing a Chiropractic office,we saw a sheriff deputy
      enter the office, the events that followed were shocking ,

      The male deputy had arrested a female. She was asking why was she
      being arrested. His comment to her shut up B------He opened the backdoor and pushed her she fell in the back seat.

      We also learned the physical and verbal abuse continued until she was

    2. Your article is correct. The officer name is MIKE JONES, He wanted everyone to know the B had arrived.

      I was there the day Mrs. Ragland arrived. The chief deputy and the
      sheriff DORNING stated ( GIVE HER H--.)

      There should be a federal investigation not only on this case, there
      are many more.


    3. Scottsboro police did the same thing to me when I was dying they arrested me did not read me my rights they said you are not being arrested you are being detained for questioning for 12 hours yet they finger printed me put me in a cell and did so for my husband to have time to clean out my house and leave me while I clearly needed to be in a hospital which I was admitted the next day when they let me out of jail at 2 am in the morning and I had no ride home and could not walk because I was having to be pushed around in a wheelchair and my husband left so I had no way home. I had to beg the girl that was in the cell with me if she would take me home I would give her gas money and buy her a pack of cigarettes. My doctors could testify to my disability at the time. I had to pay a fine and everything and was put on a year probation if I was not being arrested why did they do that to me. Alabama is the worse state I have ever lived in.

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